Reviving the Hardwick Landfill: A Sustainable Future

This project became a reality after a group of citizens in Hardwick who were interested in spurring sustainable economic development in the town approached Casella about the possibility of reopening the landfill. After careful consideration and review, we believe that reopening the landfill is a viable opportunity with the appropriate support from the community.


  • Reviving the Hardwick Landfill: A Sustainable Future

Sustainable Benefits for All of Hardwick

The reopening of the Hardwick landfill offers a strategic avenue for generating revenue for the town through two key mechanisms: host community fees and the acceptance of wastewater from the landfill. 

Host community fees are payments that would be made by Casella to the Town of Hardwick, calculated based on the amount of waste being brought to the landfill. This tonnage-based fee structure ensures that the community benefits financially from the landfill's operations, providing a direct link between the landfill's activity and the town's revenue stream. Such fees can be allocated towards community development projects, capital improvements, or enhancing local services, thus contributing to the overall well-being and growth of Hardwick.

The host community fee for the life of the landfill is proposed to be $6 per ton, amounting to an estimated $2.1 million per year.

In addition to host community fees, the Hardwick landfill would also contribute to the local economy by purchasing wastewater treatment services from the Town of Hardwick. This arrangement involves Casella paying a predetermined fee to the town for every gallon of wastewater that is delivered to and processed by the town's wastewater treatment facility. This not only ensures that the landfill's environmental impact is responsibly managed but also provides an additional steady revenue stream to the town, reinforcing the economic bond between the landfill's operations and the community's well-being. This symbiotic relationship highlights the landfill's commitment to environmental stewardship while supporting the town's infrastructure and services, creating a win-win situation for both parties involved.

The wastewater treatment fee to be paid for treating the wastewater at the Gilbertville municipal wastewater treatment plant is expected to be $500,000 per year.

Project Overview

The Hardwick Landfill, operated by Casella Waste Systems Inc., is currently under consideration for reopening by 2028, pending necessary permits and zoning approvals. The landfill, located on Patrill Hollow Road, would have a 48-acre footprint, including the adjacent gravel pit along Patrill Hollow Road, and anticipates about 50 trucks delivering waste daily. Projected operating hours are from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday through Friday and 7-11:30 a.m. on Saturdays. The landfill would accept municipal solid waste and construction and demolition debris, totaling approximately 350,000 tons annually. Long-time Hardwick residents Dan and Daryl Roach would be involved in the operations of the landfill. The proposed financial benefits to the town include a $6-per-ton host community fee, amounting to an estimated $2.1 million per year, and an additional $500,000 yearly for disposing of landfill wastewater at the Gilbertville municipal wastewater treatment plant. The landfill is projected to have a capacity to operate for 13 years. Casella will pay the cost of maintaining a landfill monitor at the site, and of an independent engineering consultant, who will be retained and managed by the Town.

The reopening of the landfill would require the Town to take certain actions to terminate a portion and reconfigure a portion of Patrill Hollow Road. The conceptual plan is to terminate the road at two points at the northwest and southwest boundaries of land owned by Hardwick Landfill, Inc. on the east side of Patrill Hollow Road. We expect that the roadway modifications and improvements, which would not likely take place until 2026 or later, would be at no cost to the Town.

Casella was approached by certain members of the Town to consider reopening the Landfill, which has been closed since 2007. In response to this outreach, Casella has expressed interest in re-engaging with the Hardwick community to explore the possibility of reopening the landfill, reflecting the potential for economic development and public benefits through a host community agreement and leachate agreement. The proposal is contingent on community support, and discussions with Hardwick residents and stakeholders at various levels are anticipated as part of the process.

Site Map

Modern Protection of our Water

Modern landfills utilize double composite liner systems made up of Primary and Secondary liner layers.

The Primary liner layer consists of a flexible high-density polyethylene (HDPE) membrane (geomembrane), composite drainage fabric (geotextile), and a geosynthetic clay liner.

The geomembrane, geotextile, and clay liner are repeated for the secondary liner layer which sits on top of an 18’ of compacted low permeable soil and a four-foot layer of compacted clay subgrade. These liners are designed to prevent wastewater from contaminating the underlying groundwater.

The wastewater is then collected through a system of collection piping which is installed inside both the Primary and Secondary liner systems. This wastewater is pumped into a tank and trucked to a treatment facility where it is treated to remove contaminants before it is safely discharged in adherence to strict water quality standards.

Modern Protection of our Air

Landfill gas, primarily composed of methane and carbon dioxide, is generated during the decomposition of organic waste. Gas collection systems capture this gas to prevent odors, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and have the ability to harness it for energy production through landfill gas-to-energy or renewable natural gas projects.

Daily cover material is applied to the waste surface to minimize odor and nuisance and to reduce windblown litter when the landfill is open and operating. Upon closure, a final cap made of HDPE geomembrane, geotextile, and drainage sand finished with a vegetative support layer is installed to minimize water infiltration, which reduces wastewater generation and further gas production.

Modern Monitoring Now and in the Future

Monitoring wells currently exist around the perimeter of the landfill and are tested regularly for groundwater quality. Groundwater sample results are provided to the Hardwick Board of Health.

Subtitle D requires that landfills have a plan for closure and post-closure maintenance. This includes maintaining the integrity of the final cap, continuing gas and wastewater management, and monitoring groundwater.

Casella is responsible for conducting these activities for a minimum of 30 years after landfill closure to ensure long-term environmental protection.